Meridian

All American Press -Technical- Camera.

1947

Designed by Victor Yager the very same who designed and manufactured the Vidax camera.

The Meridian was manufactured by Paul Klingenstein and distributed by his company King Photo Supply.

The Meridian is a nice example of these typical 4x5 inch format American Press Cameras in the after war period.

In fact all these cameras were an updated version of the pre war press camera generation equipped with much more features.

Like all the other such as Busch, Burke & James, Graflex and  Beseler, these press cameras have the same typical livery such as a drop bed, sliding lens standard, lens board, coupled rangefinder, international 4x5 revolving back, view finder and frame view finder. Some of them like the Meridian, had a four way swing back like the technical cameras use to have. All of them were based on a similar design idea.

Swing front, drop bed, rise, slide and tilt, made the camera suitable for architectural work and the camera could be compared with the famous German Linhof.

Unlike the Graflex cameras which were made out of wood, the Meridian house is made of die cast aluminum covered with black leather.

The hinged drop bed functions as a door and if closed protects the camera for transportation risks and when swung down, allows the lens standard to slide on the bed rails for easy and accurate focusing. 

Many lenses were available from wide angle to long lenses as the length of the bellows permitted 16 inch lenses to be used.

And yes of course, not to forget the usual Kodak Ektar in Supermatic shutter including the X synchronising.

Tilting and shifting front standard...

 

..and Reversible and four way swing back providing more features like a technical camera.

 

Let's see how it works.

Make sure that the four screws on top and bottom on either side secure the back to the body.

Open the camera by lifting the top door lock. The camera door will open automatically and brought into position by pulling it down until the bed braces snap into the full locked position.

The door now serves as a extension rail for the lens standard.

The standard can be drawn out of the housing by squeezing both front standard locks together and by pulling out the standard firmly against both of the infinity stops.

The camera is now ready for focusing on infinity or nearby distances by the use of the focusing knobs at the front of the drop bed.

The camera comes with a Kalart Rangefinder which can be used with only one lens with which it has been calibrated. 

You may like to check the rangefinder if it works nicely and reliable. To do so you have to focus on a subject far away. The two images in the rangefinder should coinside with each other. The rangefinder is in correct adjustment. Now focus on a near by subject and turn the focusing knobs until both images coinside. Again the rangefinder is in correct adjustment. Now open the shutter of the lens and turn the focal plane shutter in such a way that the back shutter is in open position. You'll be able to see the image on the ground glass and to check if the image is sharp. What you see on the ground glass is what you'll see later on the negative.

 

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American Press Cameras